Who Has Signed The Paris Agreement
However, the “contributions” themselves are not binding under international law because they do not have the specificity, normative character or mandatory language necessary for the creation of binding norms.  In addition, there will be no mechanism  to force a country to set a target in its NDC by a certain date and no application if a target set in an NDC is not met.   There will only be a “Name and Shame” system or, as János Pásztor, UN Under-Secretary-General for Climate Change, told cbs News (USA), a “Name and Encourage” plan.  Given that the agreement has no consequences if countries do not comply with their obligations, such a consensus is fragile. A net of nations withdrawing from the deal could trigger the withdrawal of more governments and lead to a total collapse of the deal.